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                               Zanclean ICS Stage
                         (Zanclian, Tabianian, Dacian)
 
                    From 5.332 +/- 0.005 To 3.6 +/- 0.005 Ma
 
  Start Defined By:  Top of magnetic polarity chronozone C3r, ~100 kyr before 
     Thvera normal-polarity subchronozone (C3n.4n).  Calcareous nannofossils -- 
     near extinction level of Triquetrorhabdulus rugosus (base Zone CN10b) and 
     the lowest occurrence of Ceratolithus acutus.
  End Defined By:  Base of magnetic polarity chronozone C2An (Gauss); 
     extinction levels of planktonic foraminifers Globorotalia margaritae and 
     Pulleniatina primalis.
 
  Start Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
  End Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
 
  Global Stratotype Section and Point:  Trubi Formation, Eraclea Minoa, Sicily, 
     Italy
 
 -- Overlaps With --
  Australian Stage:     Mitchellian (10.5 - 5)
  Australian Stage:     Kalimnan    (4.3 - 3.4)
  New Zealand Stage:    Kapitean    (6 - 4.8)
  North American Stage: Hemphillian (9 - 4.75)
  North American Stage: Blancan     (4.75 - 1.806)
 
 -- A Substage of --
  Eon:               Phanerozoic    (542 - -5.5012e-005)
  Era:               Cenozoic       (65.5 - -5.5012e-005)
  Period:            Neogene        (23.03 - -5.5012e-005)
  Epoch:             Pliocene       (5.332 - 1.806)
  Sub-Epoch:         Early Pliocene (5.332 - 3.6)
  Californian Stage: Delmontian     (7.5 - 2.9)
  Informal Sub-era:  Tertiary       (65.5 - 1.806)
  Japanese Stage:    Yuian          (9.5 - 3.6)
 
 -- Preceeded By --
  Epoch:     Miocene      (23.03 - 5.332)
  Sub-Epoch: Late Miocene (11.608 - 5.332)
  ICS Stage: Messinian    (7.246 - 5.332)
 
 -- Followed By --
  Sub-Epoch:         Late Pliocene (3.6 - 1.806)
  ICS Stage:         Piacenzian    (3.6 - 2.588)
  Japanese Stage:    Totomian      (3.6 - 3)
  New Zealand Stage: Waipipian     (3.6 - 2.6)
 
 -- Contains the Following Stages --
  Australian Stage:  Cheltenhamian (5 - 4.3)
  New Zealand Stage: Opoitian      (4.8 - 3.6)
 

This page was automatically generated from the GeoWhen database (version 1.1.0).  Please read the introduction regarding the accuracy and reliability of this information.  Comments, corrections, and additions can be sent to geowhen@robertrohde.com.  References to published academic literature are preferred.

Introduction

Geologic Timeline
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Geologic Timeline
(With Stages)

A-Z Stage List

Regional Information

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2003-2005 GeoWhen Database
Prepared By Robert A. Rohde


This page was last updated on Tuesday, January 18, 2005.