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                               Late Permian Epoch
                (Upper Permian, Zechstein, Lopingian, Tatarian)
 
                      From 260.4 +/- 0.7 To 251 +/- 0.4 Ma
 
  Start Defined By:  Conodont, lowest occurrence of conodont Clarkina 
     postbitteri (Mei & Wardlaw); and termination of a major global sea-level 
     lowstand
  End Defined By:  Conodont, lowest occurrence of Hindeodus parvus; termination 
     of major negative carbon-isotope excursion.  About 1 myr after peak of 
     Late Permian extinctions.
 
  Start Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
  End Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
 
  Comment:  In two Epoch models of the Permian, the entire Middle Permian is 
     added to the Late Permian.
 
 -- A Substage of --
  Eon:            Phanerozoic (542 - -5.5012e-005)
  Era:            Paleozoic   (542 - 251)
  Period:         Permian     (299 - 251)
  Regional Stage: Thuringian  (270.6 - 251)
 
 -- Preceeded By --
  Epoch:             Middle Permian (270.6 - 260.4)
  ICS Stage:         Capitanian     (265.8 - 260.4)
  European Stage:    Kazanian       (270.6 - 260.4)
  New Zealand Stage: Braxtonian     (270.6 - 260.4)
 
 -- Followed By --
  Era:            Mesozoic       (251 - 65.5)
  Period:         Triassic       (251 - 199.6)
  Epoch:          Early Triassic (251 - 245)
  ICS Stage:      Induan         (251 - 249.7)
  Regional Stage: Griesbachian   (251 - 250.4)
 
 -- Contains the Following Stages --
  ICS Stage:            Wuchiapingian (260.4 - 253.8)
  ICS Stage:            Changhsingian (253.8 - 251)
  New Zealand Stage:    Waiitian      (260.4 - 253.8)
  New Zealand Stage:    Makabewan     (253.8 - 251)
  North American Stage: Ochoan        (260.4 - 251)
 

This page was automatically generated from the GeoWhen database (version 1.1.0).  Please read the introduction regarding the accuracy and reliability of this information.  Comments, corrections, and additions can be sent to geowhen@robertrohde.com.  References to published academic literature are preferred.

Introduction

Geologic Timeline
(No Stages)

Geologic Timeline
(With Stages)

A-Z Stage List

Regional Information

Download Files


2003-2005 GeoWhen Database
Prepared By Robert A. Rohde


This page was last updated on Tuesday, January 18, 2005.