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                          Early Pleistocene ICS Stage
                         (Lower Pleistocene, Calabrian)
 
                   From 1.806 +/- 0.005 To 0.781 +/- 0.005 Ma
 
  Start Defined By:  Just above top of magnetic polarity chronozone C2n 
     (Olduvai) and the extinction level of calcareous nannofossil Discoaster 
     brouweri (base Zone CN13).  Above are lowest occurrence of calcareous 
     nannofossil medium Gephyrocapsa spp. and extinction level of planktonic 
     foraminifer Globigerinoides extremus.
  End Defined By:  Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal.
 
  Start Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
  End Based On:  Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, _A Geologic Time Scale 2004_
 
  Global Stratotype Section and Point:  Vrica, Calabria, Italy
 
 -- Overlaps With --
  Japanese Stage:    Kechienjian    (1.9 - 1.5)
  Japanese Stage:    Yuzanjian      (1.5 - 0.75)
  New Zealand Stage: Nukumaruan     (1.96 - 1.1)
  New Zealand Stage: Castlecliffian (1.1 - 0.01143)
  New Zealand Stage: Okehuan        (1.1 - 0.48)
 
 -- A Substage of --
  Eon:                  Phanerozoic  (542 - -5.5012e-005)
  Era:                  Cenozoic     (65.5 - -5.5012e-005)
  Period:               Neogene      (23.03 - -5.5012e-005)
  Epoch:                Pleistocene  (1.806 - 0.01143)
  Californian Stage:    Wheelerian   (1.9 - 0.01143)
  Informal Period:      Pleistogene  (1.806 - -5.5012e-005)
  Informal Sub-era:     Quaternary   (1.806 - -5.5012e-005)
  North American Stage: Irvingtonian (1.806 - 0.3)
 
 -- Preceeded By --
  Epoch:                Pliocene      (5.332 - 1.806)
  Sub-Epoch:            Late Pliocene (3.6 - 1.806)
  ICS Stage:            Gelasian      (2.588 - 1.806)
  Informal Sub-era:     Tertiary      (65.5 - 1.806)
  North American Stage: Blancan       (4.75 - 1.806)
 
 -- Followed By --
  ICS Stage:      Middle Pleistocene (0.781 - 0.126)
  European Stage: Sicilian           (0.781 - 0.26)
 
 -- Contains the Following Stages --
  Australian Stage: Werrikooian (1.806 - 1)
 

This page was automatically generated from the GeoWhen database (version 1.1.0).  Please read the introduction regarding the accuracy and reliability of this information.  Comments, corrections, and additions can be sent to geowhen@robertrohde.com.  References to published academic literature are preferred.

Introduction

Geologic Timeline
(No Stages)

Geologic Timeline
(With Stages)

A-Z Stage List

Regional Information

Download Files


2003-2005 GeoWhen Database
Prepared By Robert A. Rohde


This page was last updated on Tuesday, January 18, 2005.